Losing weight, maintain weight, sate off the effects of condition are the reasons for most to embarking a new and lasting health and fitness lifestyle. Exercise changes body composition, stamina and strength. But changing food related thoughts and behaviors can be the key to lasting weight loss. Every time you diet to lose weight, you lose lean tissue; therefore, you must decrease caloric intake to avoid subsequent weight gain.

Wednesday, May 16, 2018

Low calorie diet

Low-calorie diets have been traditionally defined as a balanced ratio of protein, carbohydrate, and fat in reduced quantities to provide an energy intake of 800 to1500 kcal per day.

Low-calorie diets can be effective treatment for long-term weight reduction. Low-calorie diets can reduce total body weight by an average of 8 percent and help reduce abdominal fat content over a period of 6 months.

The measurements of resting metabolic rate (RMR) and measures of 24-h energy expenditure (EE) in metabolic rooms help in determining the level of intake that would allow maintenance of body weight and thus constitute the upper limit of low-calorie diet for a given subject.

Example of Low-calorie diets: It consisted of a diet based on crisp bread combined with low fat products for breakfast, lunch and supper. Dinner consisted of fish, poultry of lean meat combined with potatoes, rice or pasta and vegetables. The diet provided less than 900 kcal per day, of which roughly 40 % of the energy came from protein, 40 % from carbohydrates and 20 % from fat.

Patients who received individualized education regarding low-calorie diets experienced greater weight loss, reductions in visceral adipose tissue, and improved insulin sensitivity than patients who received conventional group education after intervention (Korean Diabetes J2009;33:526-36).
Low calorie diet
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