Losing weight, maintain weight, sate off the effects of condition are the reasons for most to embarking a new and lasting health and fitness lifestyle. Exercise changes body composition, stamina and strength. But changing food related thoughts and behaviors can be the key to lasting weight loss. Every time you diet to lose weight, you lose lean tissue; therefore, you must decrease caloric intake to avoid subsequent weight gain.

Monday, April 16, 2018

Apple and health benefits

Apple juice is the second most widely consumed fruit juice in the world and is popular among adults and children owing to its authentic taste.

Apples are a widely consumed, rich source of phytochemicals, and epidemiological studies have linked the consumption of apples with reduced risk of some cancers, cardiovascular disease, asthma, and diabetes.

In the laboratory, apples have been found to have very strong antioxidant activity, inhibit cancer cell proliferation, decrease lipid oxidation, and lower cholesterol. Apples contain a variety of phytochemicals, including quercetin, catechin, phloridzin and chlorogenic acid, all of which are strong antioxidants.

Phytochemicals such as polyphenolic compounds present in apple juice can mainly contribute to its antioxidant activity. Procyanidins can contribute to more than 80% of the antioxidant capacity in apples and apple products like juices due to their abundance. A procyanidin-rich apple juice extract recorded the highest antioxidant capacity followed by a hydroxycinnamic acid–rich apple juice extract as measured by trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assays.

Researchers from the State University of Rio de Janeiro studying the impact of fruit intake on weight loss found that overweight women who ate the equivalent of three apples or pears a day lost more weight on a low-calorie diet than women who didn’t add fruit to their diet. Approximately 400 hypercholestemic, but non- smoking, women were randomized to one of three supplement groups: oat cookies, apples or pears, and each subject consumed one of each supplement three times per day for twelve weeks. The participants who consumed either of the fruits had a significant weight loss after 12 weeks of 1.21 kg, whereas those consuming the oat cookies did not have a significant weight loss. (Nutrition, 2003, 19: 253-256).
Apple and health benefits
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